10 Most Famous Temples in Kerala @ 07 Oct 2017
Said to be created by a warrior sage Parasurama, Kerala is indeed what they call it to be ‘The Land of Gods.’ This southernmost state is a land full of legends and tales, which also has some of the oldest temples that act as evidences of authenticity. Replete with a large number of temples that are as old as 2000 years and are mostly dedicated to state’s beloved Lord Ayyappa along with Lord Shiva and Vishnu, Kerala makes an incredible religious tourist destination in India. If you are seeking a tour in India that can greatly fill you with spiritualism and the feeling of divinity, then Kerala is the right destination to head to. Here are some of the most famous temples in Kerala that are absolutely worth paying a visit:
Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Thiruvananthapuram
One of the most famous temples in Kerala, Sree Padmanbhaswamy Temple is situated in Thiruvananthapuram. Done up in Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is dedicated to Hindu God Vishnu and dates back to 8th century. This eminent shrine is situated in the East fort in Thiruvananthapuram and it is amongst those 108 Vishnu temples or Divya Desam. Undoubtedly, one of the finest specimens of Dravidian architecture, Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple is the most famous temple in Kerala. The presiding deity here is Lord Vishnu who is seen reclining on Anantha, the hooded Serpent. It is reckoned that the foundation of the temple is so old that it has been mentioned in holy Hindu sculptures like Skanda Purana and Padma Purana. Infact, the city Thiruvananthapuram have got its name from the presiding deity of this temple (Anantha).
Best Time to Visit: The Alpashy festival (October/November), Panguni festival (March/April).
Sabarimala Sastha Temple, Pathanamthitta
Sabarimala Sree Dharma Sastha Temple, dedicated to Lord Ayyappa, is the most famous and prominent among all the Sastha temples in Kerala. The temple is situated on a hilltop (about 3000 feet above sea level) named Sabarimala in Pathanamthitta district, which is unique in many respects. The uniqueness gathers its voice, as the temple is open to all, irrespective of caste, creed or religion. There is a place near the temple; east to Sannidhanam, dedicated to the Vavar (a sufi and friend of Lord Ayyappa) which is called 'Vavarunada', an epitome of religious harmony. Another interesting fact is that it is not open throughout the year. It is open for worship only during the days of Mandalapooja, Makaravilakku and Chitra Vishu. It is said that the pilgrims have to follow fasting for 41 days to cleanse their minds before going to Sabarimala. The journey to the temple is to be taken through difficult paths in the forest as the vehicles can go only up to Pampa.
The administration of Sabarimala Devaswom is controlled by the Executive Officer, Travancore Devaswom Board, in the cadre of the Devaswom Commissioner. During the non festival period office of the Executive Officer is at Travancore Devaswom Board office Nanthancode,Thiruvananthapuram 695003.
Facilities at Pamba & Sannidhanam :
Medical Facilities (Ayurveda, Allopathy & Homoeo systems of Medicine)
Telecom Centre (BSNL)
Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (Bus Station, Pampa)
Railway Reservation counter (Pamba)
Office of Kerala State Electricity Board
Office of Kerala Water Authority
Office of Kerala Forest Department
Attukal Bhagavathy Temple, Thiruvananthapuram
Attukal temple is the abode of the goddess, who is the supreme preserver and destroyer. She cares her devotees like a mother does her children. For the devotees, Attukal Devi (Attukal Amma or Attukal Bhagavathy) is supreme power, capable of delivering all the wishes of her devotees. Several women devotees testify the supreme power of this shrine, and tell you how Attukal Devi has blessed them with progeny and wishes of bountiful life.
Devotees from all parts of India come and bow before the all powerful goddess, seeking an end to their afflictions and to receive blessings. The temple is just 2 Km from the main city center of Thiruvananthapuram and is located at a rural-looking area, although the surroundings are highly urbanized. The architecture of Attukal temple has elements of both Kerala and Tamil architecture styles. The exteriors of the temple are carved with hundreds of sculptures of gods, goddesses, the stories of Dasavataram of Lord Vishnu, Goddess Kannagi (Kannaki), Dakshayaga etc. The main building also depicts Goddess Kali, Sree Parvathy, Lord Siva, Rajarajeshwari, and several others. The Gopura (main rise building) is covered by such idols, which surely are a work of a team of artisans under the leadership of an able sculptor.
The temple doors and internal corridors also have several sculptures of Gods like Lord Ganapathi (Ganesh), Lord Siva, etc.
The Principal Deity
Located in the sanctum sanctorum is the main idol of Attukal Devi, which is adored with gold ornaments and gems. The idol is a sight of marvel, with abundance radiance of beauty and light. Attukal PongalaOther activities during the ten-day festival include various ceremonial rituals like Kappukettu, during which the story of Goddess Kannagi (Kannaki) is recited. It is a musical recitation and goes on for the first nine days of the festival. The musical recitation of Kannagi's story ends with the part of the Goddess annihilating the Pandya King. The story signifies victory of good over evil, light over darkness and justice over injustice. Immediately after the end of the recitation, it begins the rituals for Attukal Pongala, which begins with making fire in the temple hearth known as Pandara Aduppu. The fire will then be passed to the women ready to offer pongala and the same fire spreads to all the tens of thousands of women, who are offering pongala.
Ambalapuzha Srikrishna Temple, Ambalapuzha
Ambalapuzha Srikrishna Temple, Ambalapuzha
Ambalapuzha Sri Krishna temple is positioned in Ambalapuzha, Alapuzha district in the state of Kerala, India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Sri Krishna. The Ambalappuzha Sri Krishna Temple is believed to have been built during 15th – 17th AD by the local ruler Chembakasserry Pooradam Thirunal-Devanarayanan Thampuran.
Built in 17th century, Ambalapuzha Srikrishna Temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna. Devotees come here to worship the Unni Krishna (the child form of Lord Krishna). Due to a beautiful legend attached to the temple, Palpayasam is served as an offering here, which by the way is extremely scrumptious. The temple is also known for the deity that has been brought from Guruvayoor during the reign of Tipu Sultan in order to be safeguarded from the raid taking place then.The idol at Ambalapuzha is likened to Parthasarthi with a whip in the right hand and a Shankhu (sacred conch) in the left. This temple is directly associated to the Guruvayoor Sree Krishna Temple.
The temple is associated with the origin of the famous performing art form of Kerala – Ottamthullal. It is believed that legendary Malayalam poet Kalakkaththu Kunchan Nambiar created this unique art form in the Ambalappuzha Temple premises.
Chottanikkara Bhagavathy temple
It must have a simpler time when the demons existed outside our heads. They took on fearsome forms, sprouted fangs, sported massive limbs and many heads. They manifested as rakshasas, asuras, prethaas, pischaasas and yakshis. They carried weapons, possessed specific powers and weaknesses, participated in combat. The gods knew exactly what they were up against. And so did we. When the battle between Good and Evil was waged, we watched it all happen, and we wrote about it in our epics and puranas, made it into folklore, passed on their stories. So we could remember. Now when we read about Nrsimha destroying the prideful and almost-invincible Hiranyakashipu, or about Durga annihilating the rapidly replicating Raktabija, we can visualise the physical forms and shapes of such Evil, and we know of the boons these wily demons had acquired, of the ingenious ways in which the gods had outsmarted them. And when we heard stories of a brahmarakshasa disrupting the penance of sages, or of a yakshi waylaying and devouring men, we could recognise the face of such evil, of the ways they attack, the ways they can be subdued. As long as we could see the demons, they were not as frightening, as terrifying. As long as they existed as separate entities, they were foreign. They were not part of us. And thus they seemed fallible. The gods would fight them. And we could watch.
Guruvayoor Srikrishna Temple, Guruvayoor
Dedicated to Lord Krishna, Guruvayoor Temple is enlisted as one of the famed temples in Kerala. The central deity is a four-armed standing Krishna carrying the conch Panchajanya, the discus Sudarshana Chakra, the mace Kaumodaki and a lotus with a Holy basil garland. Guruvayoor is many a time reckoned as the Dwarka of the South and thus one can estimate its popularity. In the premises of the temple is a tank, which according to legend was a place where Lord Shiva and his family worshipped Vishnu. Thus this pond is sacred and is often visited by devotees who come to worship at Guruvayoor Srikrishna Temple.
The presiding deity in the Garbhagraha (central shrine) is Mahavishnu, worshipped according to the pooja routines laid down by Adi Sankaracharya and later written in to the Tantrasamuchaya by Chennas Narayanan Namboodiri (born in 1427). The Chennas Namboodiris are the hereditary Tantri of Guruvayur temple. The people at large, however, invoke the Lord as UNNIKRISHNA or BALAKRISHNA. Ithe idol worshipped here is more than 5000 years old. But there are no historical records to establish it. In the 14th century Tamil literature 'Kokasandesam', references about a place called Kuruvayur is made. As early as 16th century (50 years after the Narayaneeyam was composed) many references are seen about Kuruvayur. In ancient Dravidic, Kuruvai means sea, hence the village on the coast may be called Kuruvayur.
But according to Prof. K V Krishna Iyer (eminent historian), the Brahmins had begun to come and settle at Kodungalloor during the period of Chandra Gupta Maurya ( 321-297 BC). Trikkunavay in the Guruvayur documents is the same as Thrikkanamathilakam or Mathilakam mentioned in the Dutch and British records. And this place was in between Guruvayur and Kodungalloor. Guruvayur was Trikkunavay's subordinate shrine since they were destroyed by the Dutch in 1755. That way Guruvayur must have come into existence before 52 AD. The story of Pandyan King building a shrine here may be a reference to the Azhavars , but they are all silent in their writing about Guruvayur.
It was Melpathur's Narayaneeyam through which the Temple got publicity. The concept of Unnikrishna popularised by Poonthanam , Kururamma , and Villwamangalam brought more and more devotees to Guruvayur.
Ettumanoor Mahadeva Temple, Kottayam
An ancient temple, Ettumanoor Mahadeva is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This Shiva Shrine is amomgst the few Shiva temples found in Kerala that is known for its rich Dravidian architecture. Mural paintings both inside and outside of the temple are simply commendable, whereas, the frescoes Pradosha Nritham (Dance of Shiva) painted on the walls are considered to be some of the finest in South India. It is believed that famed philosopher, Adi Sankaracharya wrote ‘Soundarya Lahari’ while staying in the temple. Ettumanoor Mahadeva temple in Kottayam district is famous for its murals, especially the painting of Nataraja in the gopuram and ezharaponnana (the seven-and-a-half elephants finished in gold). The major festival celebrated in Ettumanoor Mahadeva temple is the Ezharaponnana ezhunallathu ( A 10 days festival in February/March).
Principal deity: Mahadeva (Shiva) – worshipped as Ardhanareeshwara in the morning, Kirathamoorthi at noon and Samhararudra in the evening.
Sub deities: Ganapathi, Bhagavathy, Dakshinamoorthy, Shastha, Yakshi
Principal deity faces west. The temple and immediate surroundings are situated 5-6 feet below street level. The main Gopura (entrance) is on the west side. Temple murals on the inner walls are exquisite-especially ‘Anantasayana’ on the Northern side and ‘Pradoshathandava’ and ‘Akhoramoorthi’ on the Southern side. The Thandava mural is especially notable for its expressiveness. Here Shiva is seen with Ganga and the crescent moon in his coppery, matted hair holding his bow (Pinaaka) with the attached drum (Udukku) in the right hand, his sword (Khatwanga) in another, and arrow (Varunapaasa) in yet another. Other hands hold the divine bell (signifying Nadabrahma), apocalyptic fire (Pralayaagni) and a blazing mace. The mural of Shiva as Akhoramoorthi is simply superb in its ability to evoke the feelings of awe and courage in the viewer’s mind.
Sreekovil (Sanctum Sanctorum) is circular. It was built over a period of three years (717-720 Malayalam Era; 1542-1545 A.D.) and this fact is documented on its foundation. The entire outer wall of the Sreekovil is covered with exquisite wooden sculptures depicting various scenes from the Puranas.They exude a combination of liveliness and character. Especially notable is the comical/whimsical face of Ashtaavakra Maharshi. Other sculptures include Ganesha with consort, Raasaleela, Aditya, Vaamana measuring three worlds, Maha Vishnu, Shiva Thandava and Sree Rama’s coronation. There is no record of who the sculptors are. They did not leave behind any information about themselves. However one feels compelled to bow in front of their skills and honor them while appreciating their timeless work of pure art. Two Dwaarapaalakas guard the doors to the Sreekovil. The legend goes that in olden days, they used to beat and kick many devotees who came here. Therefore, in later years their power was ritually controlled and holes were placed in their hands and feet. These holes can still be seen. The Eastern door of the Sreekovil is never opened. Parvati is supposed to reside in it.
Shiva Linga is three feet tall. A golden statue of ‘Akhoramoorthi’, approx 2 ½ feet tall, is placed in front of the Linga after morning pooja and removed after the next day’s Nirmaalya pooja.
Two large Nandi statues (one in bronze and the other in wood) sit in the Mukhamandapam. The bronze Nandi was offered by the King of Chempakassery in gratitude for being cured of an intractable stomach pain. It was originally filled with ‘Chennellu’ (paddy grain). Taking a grain from this is supposed to cure stomach pain. There is even a small hole on the belly of the statue for this purpose.
The temple tank is on the Northern side and is semi oval (arc) shape.
The great philosopher, Adi Shankaracharya wrote “Saundarya Lahari” while visiting Ettumanoor temple.
Temple festival (‘Utsava’) falls in the month of Kumbha (February-March) and lasts for ten days. ‘Araat’ is on Thiruvathira day. The highlight of the festival is on the 8th night, when the eight golden elephants (‘Ezharapponnana” – see below), are brought outside in a grand illuminated procession. Tens of thousands of devotees throng to witness this once-a-year event. Shivarathri is also celebrated in grand and elaborate style.
Nearest railway station: Ettumanoor Railway station, about 2 km and Kottayam (Main Station), about 11 km
Nearest airport: Cochin International Airport, about 77 km
Vadakkunathan Temple, Thrissur
Vadakkunathan Temple is recognized as the National Monument by India under the AMASR Act. This Shiva temple is enriched with exquisite mural paintings and is believed to be the first temple built by Parasuram, the sixth incarnation of Vishnu. The monumental towers, temple’s exclusive architecture and its rich history attract a lot of devotees as well as tourists to this place. The shrine is absolutely an ideal place to soak in the spirituality and holiness.
Built by Lord Parasurama who reclaimed Kerala from the sea, the Vadakkumnathan Temple is one of the oldest in the State. A classic example of the Kerala style of architecture, the temple has many decorative murals and pieces of art. Exquisite murals on the Mahabharata adorn the walls of the shrine. This is the venue of the world famous Pooram Festival celebrated annually in April-May. The fireworks at the Pooram are a spectacular sight.
Vadakkumnathan Temple history dates back to over 1,000 years. The history of the temple is connected with the birth of the great Kerala scholar, Guru Adi Shankaracharya. Shankara was born to the Shivaguru - Aryamba couple of Kalady, in answer to their prayers to God Vadakkunnathan. According to legends, Lord Shiva appeared to both husband and wife in their dream. He offered them a choice that they could have either an ordinary son who would live a long life or an extraordinary son who would die early. The couple chose the second option. They named the son Adi Shankara, in honour of Shiva. It is said that Adi Shankara attained Videha Mukti (Freedom from embodiment) in Vadakkunnathan temple.
Temple timings: 04:00 - 10:30 hrs and 05:00 - 08:30 hrs.
Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple, Mallapuzhassery
One of the Divya Desams, Aranmula Parthasarathy makes another important temple in Kerala. In the temple Lord Krishna (incarnation of Vishnu) is worshipped in the form Parthasarathy, which is another name of Krishna on account of his character as charioteer of Arjun in Mahabharat. The temple has found its fame as being one of the stops when the sacred jewels called Thiruvabharanam of Ayyappan are carried in a procession to Sabarimala annually. Also, the Thanka Anki, golden attire of Ayyappa, which were donated by King of Travancore, is safeguarded in this temple. Aranmula is also famous for the annual Snake Boat Race held in the Pamba River nearby.
Dedicated to Lord Sree Krishna, this temple siutated on the banks of the holy River Pamba, attracts large crowds of devotees. It is said that the idol was brought here in a raft made with aru (six) pieces of mula (bamboo) which gave the town its name, Aranmula. Various cultural organisations at Aranmula imparts training in traditional arts like Kathakali, classical dances, classical music and Kalaripayattu. Tourists stay here for long periods to get first hand knowledge of the culture of Kerala. The temple has fine murals of the 18th century.
Ph: +91 468 2212170
Nearest railway station: Chengannur, about 11 km away
Nearest airport: Trivandrum International Airport, about 117 km away
Vaikom Mahadeva Temple, Vaikom
Vaikom Shiva Temple is one of the oldest and famous Shiva Temples in Kerala. Thousands of devotees throng to the temple throughout the year. The history of this temple is connected with the legendary Parasurama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
One of the most respected shrines of Lord Shiva, Vaikom Shiva Temple is popularly known as Kashi of South. It is believed that if a devotee visits and prays at Vaikom Mahadeva Temple, Kaduthuruthy Thaliyil Mahadeva Temple and Ettumanoor Mahadeva Temple on the same day, before Ucha Pooja (Noon Pooja), his wish will be fulfilled by Lord Shiva. This is one among the biggest temples in Kerala, with a vast courtyard of about 8 acres. The four huge pillars or ‘Gopuras’ of this temple are adorned with attractive images if epic characters from the Hindu mythology. The inner structures and main inner yard called ‘Sreekovil’ of the temple are classic examples of traditional Kerala architecture. Although Vaikathashtami is the important festival at the temple.
There are many other smaller festivals too. Some of them are unique and worth seeing. Vaikom Shiva Temple hosts popular ‘Vaikathashtami’ festival during the lunar fortnight of Malayalam month Vrishchikam (November/December)
Elephant pageants, traditional art performances and annual Vaikathashtami Festival are the main attractions related to Vaikom Mahadeva Temple. On the final day of Vaikathashtami, the deities of the neighboring temples are ceremoniously brought to Vaikom Mahadeva Temple. Holy ‘Prathal’ (mid-day food offering) of Vaikom Shiva Temple is very famous and is offered to devotees, after the daily prayers.
One of the most revered temples in Kerala, Vaikom Mahadeva Temple is an important part of the trisome made by adding two more Shiva temples, namely, Ettumanoor Siva Temple, Kaduthuruthy Thaliyil Mahadeva. It is a common belief that that if a devotee worships at these three temples before ‘Ucha pooja’, all his wishes come true. Vaikom Mahadeva is also one of the few temples that is visited by both Vaishnavite and Shaivaite cult of Hindus. The presiding Shivling here is believed to have been established in the Treta Yuga and is believed to one of the oldest ones in Kerala.
Mannarasala Nagaraja Temple, Haripad
Mannarasala Temple is devoted to serpent worship. It is located near Haripad, 32 km south of Alappuzha,14km from kayamkulam,115 km from Cochin International Airport and 125 km from Thiruvananthapuram International Airport, Kerala.
Serpent worship is part of the Hindu religious practices and Kerala is a place where one would come across temples dedicated to serpent gods. Serpent worship is practised in several ancestral homes, which have special worship places called Kaavu (serpent grove).
Among the temples dedicated to serpent gods, in the most famous is the Mannarasala Sree Nagaraja temple located at Mannarasala, near Harippad in the district of Alappuzha. This temple is managed by a Brahmin family headed by a priestess. As per belief, the first priestess of Mannarasala gave birth to a five-headed snake, which is believed to reside in the ancestral house to safeguard the family.
In this temple, the rites are presided over by a priestess. The temple covers an area of 16 acres of dense green forest grove. The two main idols are Nagaraja or the serpent king and his consort, Sarpayakshini. The most popular offering of this temple is ‘Uruli Kamazhthal’, the placing of a bell metal vessel upside down in front of the deity, which is believed to restore fertility to childless couples.
Though the legends related to the origin of a place cannot be deemed as its history, the story on the evolution of Mannarasala as the supreme place of worship of the serpent Gods is associated with Parasurama, the creator of Kerala. The history of Mannarasala has been mentioned in the ‘Mandara Salodayam‘ Sanskrit poem written by Mannarasala M.G.Narayanan Nampoodiri of the sacred family, who wrote it on the basis of reliable accounts and legends traditionally handed down and in the light of old books available with the temple. Since the poem was incomplete, the history narrated here is from the book ‘The Serpent Temple Mannarasala’, published by Mr.N.Jayadevan of Manasa Publications (Translated to English by the renowned scholar Dr.Ayyappa Panikker). This book is also based on the advice and instructions received from the former Great Mother, and in accordance with the other members of the family as well as the old records examined for the purpose.
Location : Mannarasala Sree Nagaraja Temple, Mannarasala P.O, Haripad, Alappuzha, Kerala, India.
Gods : Nagaraja, Naga Yakshi
Landmark : The temple is located about three kilometers to the south-east of the bus station in N.H.47 at Haripad, in Alleppey district of Kerala. Proper signboards are available from the N.H.47 to the temple. Since the temple is very renowned, accessibility to the temple may not be a problem for the devotees. Various cabs and auto rickshaws are available near the Haripad bus station and Railway station to reach Mannarassala at nominal fare. Since located near the highway almost equidistant between the cities of Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi (approx.113 kms and 103 kms respectively), it is easy to reach Haripad via bus and train. Nearest Airports are Thiruvananthapuram International Airport - Distance 121 kms. and Nedumbassery International Airport - Distance - 132 kms.
The Ayilyam day in Tulam, Kanni and Kumbham months in the Malayalam calendar and the Mahasivarathri are celebrated here with great pomp. The Ayilyam in Kanni is the birthday of Nagaraja and that in Kumbham is the birthday of Anantha, the Muthassan of Nilavara (cellar).
Ayilyam of Thulam
The most celebrated festival at Mannarassala is the Ayilyam of Thulam. In the beginning, the Ayilyam of Thulam had no speciality or importance. It was a regular custom for the Maharaja of Travancore to visit this temple on Ayilyam day in Kanni. On one occasion, the Maharaja could not reach the temple as usual and had to postpone the visit to the Ayilyam day in Thulam. The royal palace met all the expenses for the celebrations of that Ayilyam. Several landed properties were given away to the temple free of land tax in order to make the festival more attractive, as an expression of repentance. Thus the Ayilyam of Thulam came to secure a royal splendor and official glamour without difficulty. The Ayilyam days of Kanni and Kumbham are still celebrated with befitting grandeur.
Sivarathri, the day of the great festival in Siva temples, is given unusual importance in this temple of Nagaraja. Celebrations are also held accordingly though this is not very widely known even today. The installation of the Nagaraja is in accordance with the concept of Siva. The poojas also are on the Saivite model. Thus Sivaratri assumed special importance among the annual festivities.
The festivities on Sivarathri day at Mannarasala are also associated with Vasuki, the King of Serpents. Legends say that once Vasuki went round the gigantic Thanni tree in front of the temple in a sportive mood and stretched his hoods shining with jewels towards the east; opened his mouth and hissed; all the sands in that place flew away; and a little pond came into being. This is Karoli pond (Karoli Kulam). On Sivarathri day, it is believed, he goes in procession in that direction to have a glimpse of his playful creation.
Annual pooja in Nilavara
Only once a year Nurum Palum is offered and performed in the cellar (Nilavara): that is on the day next to Sivaratri. On the fifth day after Sivaratri, the Mother comes to the Illam after the daily pooja in the temple, and opens the cellar. The prasadam of the Nurum Palum is distributed among the members of the family by the Mother. After the pooja in Nilavara, Nurum Palum and other poojas are performed in Appooppan Kavu ( Grandfather's Grove), which is the abode of "Muthassan".
Only for Sivarathri is the evening ceremony for lights held in this temple. After the meal, there is no Pooja in the sanctum sanctorum. It may be that Sivarathri was chosen for the ceremony of lights because fasting is compulsory on that particular day. All Poojas including the 'Athazhapuja (evening worship) are performed on that day. The main items of that day are Sarpabali and Ezhunnallethu (procession).
The 'Uruli Kamazhthal' offering with devotion and prayers, has helped numerous devotees to have children, who come to this temple.
For wealth and prosperity: A pot filled with gold or a gold pot filled with other things.
For education, prosperity and fame: Silk grains, divine ornaments.
For recovering health: Salt
For protection from poison: Turmeric
For curing diseases: Pepper, mustard, green peas etc.
For protection from damage: Serpent cave made of gold etc., images of serpents' eggs, tree, earth etc.,
For long life: Melted butter (ghee)
For getting whatever one wants: Milk, ripe kadalai fruit, nilavarapayasam.
For having child: A vessel named Uruli made of brass, bronze etc. for performing 'Nurum Palum'.
Nearest airport: Cochin International Airport, about 47 km away
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